Home Renal Diet Food Facts Friday: Artichokes – Kidney Diet Tips

Food Facts Friday: Artichokes – Kidney Diet Tips

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Food Facts Friday: Artichokes - Kidney Diet Tips
Raw artichoke, parsley and garlic on wood.

In a creamy dip, on top of mouthwatering chicken, or mixed
into a delicious pasta dish, artichokes are a versatile and tasty
kidney-friendly vegetable.

Many vegetables are naturally low in calories and fat, and a
good source of fiber, vitamins and minerals. 
Artichokes are high in fiber, vitamin C and magnesium.

Artichoke Origins and Varieties

Artichokes are grown in many Mediterranean countries such as Spain, Italy and France. Meanwhile, the artichoke capital of the United States is Castroville, California. Artichokes come in a variety of colors including white, green and purple. Surprisingly, the edible part of an artichoke, the heart or choke, consists of the buds of the flower before it blooms.  The whole artichoke with leaves is called a globe.

Artichokes are available in many forms. The most popular is
canned artichoke hearts, in oil or marinade. However, artichokes are also
available frozen and fresh. Artichokes are often enjoyed boiled or steamed, and
served with a vinaigrette, hollandaise, mayonnaise, or aioli for dipping.  Boiling an artichoke reduces potassium more
than steaming.

Nutrition Facts

Fresh Boiled Artichoke
Globe– 1 half globe

  • Calories 31
  • Protein 2 g
  • Carbohydrates 8 g
  • Fat 0 g
  • Sodium 36 mg
  • Potassium 171 mg
  • Phosphorus 44 mg
  • Calcium 13 mg
  • Fiber 3 g

Canned Artichoke
Hearts in Oil – ½ cup

  • Calories 79
  • Protein 2 g
  • Carbohydrates 7 g
  • Fat 6 g
  • Sodium 36 mg
  • Potassium 170 mg
  • Phosphorus 44 mg
  • Calcium 12 mg
  • Fiber 3 g

Artichokes and a
Kidney-Friendly Diet

Artichokes can be included in a kidney-friendly diet, however be mindful when it comes to potassium. One cup of canned artichoke hearts contains 340 mg of potassium, which can add up quickly if combining with additional high potassium foods. A kidney-friendly portion for a low-potassium diet is 1/2 boiled artichoke globe or 1/2 cup artichoke hearts. When making a meal or snack with artichokes, include a low potassium side like rice or pasta. Look for frozen or canned artichokes without salt or oils added. Be mindful of sodium content and read the nutrition facts label. If you are using canned or jarred artichokes, rinse the artichokes well to help reduce sodium.

Check out DaVita’s delicious artichoke recipes or try adding
artichokes to one of the healthy pasta or chicken dishes below.

Healthy Artichoke Recipes


  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artichoke. Accessed July 31 2020.
  2. https://www.choosemyplate.gov/eathealthy/vegetables/vegetables-nutrients-health. Accessed July 31 2020.

Additional Kidney Diet Resources

Visit DaVita.com and explore these diet and nutrition resources:

This article is for informational purposes only and is not a
substitute for medical advice or treatment. Consult your physician and
dietitian regarding your specific diagnosis, treatment, diet and health

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