Home Nephro News Plasma cadmium is associated with increased risk of long-term kidney graft failure.

Plasma cadmium is associated with increased risk of long-term kidney graft failure.

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Plasma cadmium is associated with increased risk of long-term kidney graft failure.

INTRODUCTION

Kidney transplantation is the gold-standard treatment for most patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Notwithstanding that advances in transplant research have largely improved 1-year graft survival rates beyond 90%, improvement of long-term graft survival continues to lag behind.

  • Lamb K.E.
  • Lodhi S.
  • Meier-Kriesche H.U.
Long-term renal allograft survival in the United States: A critical reappraisal.